Civil War Memory 2013-Literature Review Proposal
My paper will look to provide a full analysis of American opinion on secession and nullification from the early American founders to modern ideas on the subjects. This will include looking at three main aspects to fully understand the topic. First, I will examine scholarly sources providing analyses of perspectives. Secondly, I will be looking at attempts through history and how these were perceived as well as their purposes. Lastly, I will look at popular culture such as movies and fictional literature to see how secession is perceived for the average American. This will be the main focus as this shows memory changing over periods of time.
The first point of interest will be to gain a solid foundation of knowledge in what the vast majority of people thought on the subject of nullification and secession by looking at scholarly works, political pamphlets, and newspapers where the smallest talks of these acts may have been mentioned and the reactions they received. This will provide me with a changing perspective over time and space. Next, I will look at attempts and movements for nullification and secession. Some examples I will look are from earlier in American history such as the nullification crisis in the 1830’s as well as the Civil War. The Civil War will be a pivot point in my essay to determine how the memory of the Civil War affected the memory and perspectives on nullification and secession. Then I will look at modern attempts at secession and nullification such as movements in Vermont, Texas, and minority narratives such as the Native Americans to analyze how memories and reactions toward secession have altered since the Civil War. Lastly I will look at popular culture references to secession through such media as films including “Gone with the Wind”, “Birth of a Nation”, and “Glory” to show how secession is perceived in different times amongst a broader audience. I will also look at some fictional literature and poems of the “Lost Cause” that romanticize secession.
In conclusion of this paper, I will provide a full contextualized analysis on the memory of the concepts of secession and nullification from the earliest Americans to modern Americans. This will provide insight into how the Civil War changed the political narratives of Federalism and the ideas on confederacy for today’s society.
Boduch, Jodie Lynn, ed. States’ Rights, The Bill of Rights Series. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2006.
This source will be used as a scholarly source to provide context on Early American ideas on federalism and the relationship between the States and the Federal Government. It also provides scholarly analysis’ of the secession that led to the Civil war as well as the Nullification crisis of the 1830’s.
Davidson, Donald. The Attack on Leviathan: Regionalism and Nationalism in the United States. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1938.
This book gives context to the role that regionalism as well as national identity may have on attempts at secession as well as ideas about secession and nullification. It also provides descriptions of how regionalism and nationalism are depicted through literature, hero worship, and education to help me with my own research.
Haltom, Bill. Will Scott County Secede Again and Will the Lost State of Franklin Be Found?. Tennessee Bar Journal 49, no. 1: 40-41, also available online at http://web.ebscohost.com, Academic Search Complete, EBSCOhost (accessed January 27, 2013).
This source provides an account of a secession attempt by Scott County, Tennessee to create the State of Scott. The first attempt of this was in the 1860’s however, there has been talk of a modern attempt following the election of President Obama. This provides a situation where I can analyze two separate attempts with more similarities than differences to look at perspectives on secession.
Lindsay, Peter, and Christopher Heath Wellman. 2003. Lincoln on Secession. Social Theory & Practice 29, no. 1: 113-135, also available online at http://web.ebscohost.com, Academic Search Complete, EBSCOhost (accessed January 27, 2013).
This article is an evaluation of President Lincoln’s argument against secession which led to war to reunify the country. This provides me with an argument against secession as acceptable in the United States which was always considered constitutionally sound up until this point.
Loring, Caleb William. Nullification, Secession: Webster’s Argument and the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions Considered in Reference to the Constitution and Historically. New York: The Knickerbocker Press, 1893.
This book gives a late 19th century approach to analyzing the constitutionality of secession by analyzing the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions, the idea of Confederation or federation as the true form of American government, and argues that the Constitutional Convention argued for Federal government as the aim. This gives me a dated analysis to use for my literature review.
Powell, Edward Payson. Nullification and Secession in the United States: A History of the Six Attempts During the First Century of the Republic. New York: The Knickerbocker Press, 1897.
This provides me with early American Attempts at secession such as the South Carolinian attempt in 1832, the New England attempt in 1812, and secession in 1861 by the southern states. It also handles ideas of confederacy from Alexander Hamilton in the 1803 to prevent Thomas Jefferson from gaining power. These attempts provide a counter weight to the sources that say federalism was the aim of the founders.
Sale, Kirkpatrick. 2004. Blue State Secession. Nation, December 13. 6-10, also available online at http://web.ebscohost.com, Academic Search Complete, EBSCOhost (accessed January 27, 2013).
This article provides a modern attempt after the 2004 election of President George Bush where many Democratic political pundits dabbled with the idea of secession or nullification. It also provides a modern perspective from different views on the merit of these ideas.
Stephens, Alexander H. A Constitutional View of the Late War Between the States; Its Causes, Character, Conduct and Results. Philadelphia: National Publishing Company, 1868.
This source provides an in depth analysis of the causes of the Civil War as well as a dated perspective on the merit of secession as a whole. It also provides a relatively detailed account of perspectives on the outcomes of secession and the war it led to. This gives me post war insight into how many thought of secession and nullification.
Woods Jr., Thomas E. Nullification: How to Resist Federal Tyranny in the 21st Century. Washington D.C.: Regnery Publishing, Inc., 2010.
This book provides a modern argument for the necessity of Nullification and the threats of secession for the success of a federal system of government. It gives a modern analysis of early American beliefs of the subject and then provides a personalized approach on the subject for modern times.
Versluis, Arthur.. Secession and American Federalism. Modern Age 49, no. 3: 308-315, 2007. Also available online at http://web.ebscohost.com, Academic Search Complete, EBSCOhost (accessed January 27, 2013).
This article discusses a 21st century discussion and movement in Vermont about secession. It also compares this and its causes with the Civil war as well as comparing both of these with the Swiss Civil War to discuss all perspectives and outcomes of secession or nullification. This provides a scholarly analysis and modern approach and perspectives on the subject.
Gone with the Wind. DVD. Directed by Victor Fleming. 1939; Burbank, CA: Warner
Home Video, 2005.
Birth of a Nation, DVD. Dirceted by D. W. Griffith. 1915
Glory. DVD. Directed by Edward Zwick. 1989